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Discriminatory harassment

Discriminatory harassment is a violation of human rights.

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What the law says

Charter of human rights and freedoms of Quebec

“Every person has a right to full and equal recognition and exercise of his human rights and freedoms, without distinction, exclusion or preference based on race, colour, sex, gender identity or expression, pregnancy, sexual orientation, civil status, age except as provided by law, religion, political convictions, language, ethnic or national origin, social condition, a handicap or the use of any means to palliate a handicap. 

No one may harass a person on the basis of any ground mentioned in section 10. “

Charter of human rights and freedoms, RLRQ, c. C-12

Examples of discriminatory harassment behaviours

Harassment is discriminatory when it is based on one or more of the grounds indicated in article 10 of the Charter of human rights and freedoms, mentioned above. It manifests itself through the same behaviours as psychological harassment, such as:

  • La race
  • La couleur
  • Le sexe
  • L’identité ou l’expression de genre
  • La grossesse
  • L’orientation sexuelle
  • L’état civil
  • L’âge sauf dans la mesure prévue par la loi
  • La religion
  • Les convictions politiques
  • La langue
  • L’origine ethnique ou nationale
  • La condition sociale
  • Le handicap ou l’utilisation d’un moyen pour pallier ce handicap

Strategies to adopt when you think you are being discriminatory harassed at work

Notice: This page is only informational; its content should not in any way be interpreted or considered as a full analysis of the law nor an opinion or a legal opinion of the author towards any specific case, or of one or several points of law mentioned above. Contact the appropriate authorities to get more information and to inquire about your eligibility and conditions that may apply.